Top 10 Imports of Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s imports amounted to USD14.1 billion in 2020, 13.9Pct lower than in 2016 and 9.3Pct lower than in 2019 and 2020. Based on average exchange rates for 2020, the Ethiopian Birr has depreciated 60.7Pct against the US dollar since 2016 and by 7Pct between 2019 and 2020. Imports paid in relatively stronger US dollars are thus more expensive for Ethiopian buyers. From a continental perspective, nearly three quarters (72.7Pct) of Ethiopia’s total imports by value are purchased from Asian countries. European trading partners supply 14.4Pct while 6Pct arrives from other African countries. Only 5.7Pct arrives from North American shores. From other regions, 1.1Pct comes from Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, as well as 0.1Pct from Oceania including Australia. Given Ethiopia’s population, its total of USD14.1 billion in 2020 imports translates to roughly USD150 in yearly product demand from every person in the country. EBR

RankImport ItemVolumes Imported in USD - Proportion of Total Imports
1Machinery including computers1.8 billion - 13Pct
2Mineral fuels including oil1.7 billion - 12.2Pct
3Electrical machinery, equipment Vehicles1.1 billion - 7.7Pct
4Vehicles1 billion - 7.3Pct
5Animal & vegetable fats, oils, & waxes898.9 million - 6.4Pct
6Cereals863.7 million - 6.1Pct
7Iron & steel707.1 million - 5Pct
8Plastics & plastic articles638.8 million - 4.5Pct
9Pharmaceuticals580.5 million - 4.1Pct
10Fertilizers507.4 million - 3.6Pct

10th Year • Dec 2021 • No. 102

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