Shining A Light on Ethiopia’s Mission to Stop Tuberculosis

Ethiopia faces a significant challenge in combating tuberculosis (TB), a highly infectious disease impacting all age groups nationwide. The burden falls particularly heavily (68.1%) on the nation’s productive population, those aged 15-44. This prevalence not only leads to individual illness but also hinders economic growth.The Ministry of Health collaborates with partner organizations to deliver quality healthcare nationwide. However, a large portion of the Ethiopian healthcare system relies on funding from foreign organizations, creating uncertainties about service continuity if funding is withdrawn.USAID is critical in providing substantial financial support for the health system, including TB control programmes. In collaboration with Addis Ababa University and the US Embassy Public Affairs office, USAID recently organized a week-long field reporting session for health journalists. The journalists visited health facilities in Addis Ababa, Hawassa, and Yirgalem, gaining firsthand insights into the fight against TB. EBR’s Dr Brook Genene, a participant in the trip, provides an assessment of his observations and delves deeper into the current state of TB infection in Ethiopia.


Women Bear the Brunt of Trauma in Tigray Conflict

The war in Ethiopia’s Tigray region was characterized by extreme brutality and widespread sexual violence, resulting in the victimization of thousands of women and girls. Despite the signing of a peace agreement, the issue of sexual violence remains unaddressed, mainly due to recurring famine and a lack of foreign aid. Survivors face significant challenges in accessing medical care and support, and many suffer in silence due to the stigma and societal taboos surrounding rape. In this article, EBR’s Samuel Getachew discusses the devastating impact of the war and highlights the obstacles survivors face in seeking assistance and addressing the issue.


Hanan Ahmed, the CEO of Han’s Reusable Sanitary Manufacturing, passionately advocates for women’s hygiene and empowerment. Her remarkable journey from the aviation industry to fashion and accessory design led her to recognize the pressing need for menstrual hygiene management in her community. Motivated by her own experiences, Hanan embarked on a mission to break the barriers that hindered girls’ education and to promote dignity for women and older people. Her company’s “Help Her Blossom” campaign has provided reusable sanitary pads and dignity kits to women and girls across various communities in Ethiopia. Through her dedication and compassion, Hanan is transforming lives and creating a better society for women, writes EBR’s Eden Teshome.


Cultivating Authentic Generosity in the Digital Age

In today’s digital age, acts of charity and giving to the less fortunate have become increasingly intertwined with social media and online platforms. While sharing such acts can raise awareness and inspire others to contribute, reflecting on the potential consequences for the recipients involved is essential. EBR’s Eden Teshome explores the social impact of giving to the less fortunate and the ethical considerations surrounding the exposure and filming of needy individuals.


In a significant stride towards combating malnutrition and improving public health, the Ethiopian government has recently endorsed the mandatory fortification of essential food items, such as edible oil, wheat flour, and potassium iodide. This decision aims to prevent the high burden of neural tube defects (NTDs) and address widespread micronutrient deficiencies in the country. By fortifying these staple foods, Ethiopia is taking a proactive approach to improve the overall well-being of its population and pave the way for a healthier future, writes EBR’s Eden Teshome


Breast cancer, a global menace, stands as the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Its devastating grip extends across the borders of both developed and developing countries, leaving no nation untouched. Ethiopia, a land of vibrant culture and resilience, grapples with the weight of this affliction. Within its borders, breast cancer silently preys upon countless women, casting a shadow over their lives. Yet, a veil of ignorance shrouds the populace, obscuring the urgency of the matter. The lack of awareness engenders a troubling trend: a multitude of sufferers, aware of breast-related issues, choose to endure their plight in silence, avoiding the doors of hospitals. EBR’s Dr. Brook Genene delves into the current state of this battle, unearthing the challenges that lie ahead.


Though bathed in year-round sunshine, Ethiopia faces a surprising yet critical health issue: vitamin D deficiency. This essential nutrient, crucial for bone health and immune function, is lacking in many Ethiopians, both children and adults. The paradox lies in several factors. Limited access to vitamin D-rich foods like fish and eggs, coupled with cultural practices and clothing that minimize sun exposure, contribute to the deficiency. Additionally, darker skin tones naturally synthesize vitamin D less effectively.

The consequences of this deficiency are far-reaching, increasing the risk of bone diseases like rickets and osteoporosis, weakening the immune system, and hindering muscle development.

Addressing this challenge necessitates a multifaceted approach. Promoting a balanced diet rich in vitamin D sources, along with public awareness campaigns highlighting the importance of sun exposure and vitamin D supplementation, are crucial steps. Additionally, government initiatives like fortifying staple foods and promoting outdoor activities can play a significant role.

Overcoming this public health concern requires collaboration between the government, healthcare providers, and communities. Only through concerted efforts can Ethiopia harness the power of sunshine and ensure the health and well-being of its citizens. EBR’s Dr. Brook Genene takes a closer look at the matter.


Tackling New Challenges, Breaking the Cycle of Poverty

Good nutrition is essential for everyone’s health and well-being. It is crucial for children, as malnutrition can lead to stunted growth, cognitive impairment, and reduced productivity in adulthood. Ethiopia has made significant progress in reducing malnutrition in recent years, but more work still needs to be done. Investing in nutrition is good for the economy. However, Ethiopia’s malnutrition problem has been exacerbated by conflict and climate shocks. These factors have led to food inflation and population displacement. Despite the growing challenges to the fight against malnutrition, the country still has the potential to become an exemplar state for malnutrition solutions in the region, writes EBR’s Eden Teshome. 


Addis Ababa’s Transformation Puts Heritage at Stake

Addis Ababa is undergoing a rapid transformation characterized by the demolition of heritage sites and reconstruction because of rapid urbanization. Unfortunately, this has come at a massive cost of erasing the city’s rich heritage. Heritage plays a vital role in defining a city, shaping its social fabric, preserving its history, and nurturing its cultural identity. Keeping the city’s urban heritage is often neglected or considered an inconvenience. The demolition of historic buildings and homes has sparked concerns among residents and preservationists alike. These structures hold immense architectural and historical value and serve as tangible connections to the past. The loss of these buildings deprives the city of its tangible heritage and diminishes its cultural character, writes EBR’s Eden Teshome. 


Thieves’ Escape Route from Justice

In addition to house break-ins and street robberies in broad daylight, thieves are increasingly employing sewers to elude the law and their victims. Due to this, it has been challenging for the authorities to find and prosecute them. Numerous variables, including poverty, the country’s inflated economy, unemployment, and drug addiction, might be blamed for the rise in theft cases. Residents are making extra efforts to secure their homes as they grow more anxious about their safety. In this article, EBR’s Hemen Asmare looks into the increase in theft and burglary in Ethiopia, its root causes, and the need for government and community action to address the issue.

Ethiopian Business Review | EBR is a first-class and high-quality monthly business magazine offering enlightenment to readers and a platform for partners.

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