Drlia Tadesse’s Ministerial Legacy

A recent development has seen Dr Lia Tadesse, who has been the minister of Health for the past four years, replaced by Dr Mekedes Daba. This transition comes at a crucial moment in Ethiopia’s health system history. The past four years have seen the health system suffer from the COVID-19 pandemic and the destruction of many health facilities due to ongoing wars in different regions of the country. In what was a difficult time for the Ministry, Dr Lia’s leadership has been applauded by many. While there have been many positive strides from her tenure, there are still questions that remain unanswered. EBR’s Dr Brook Genene closely investigates the problems within the Ethiopian health system and the role the women in the leadership roles have played in navigating them.


The modern workplace, characterized by relentless demands, extended hours, and constant connectivity, is fertile ground for a sinister foe: burnout. This insidious psychosocial affliction transcends specific professions, plaguing individuals across a broad spectrum of fields. Its consequences are far-reaching, impacting not just individual performance and job satisfaction but also physical and mental health, relationships, and overall quality of life.

Burnout’s tentacles reach far and wide, manifesting in impaired job performance, absenteeism, and even presenteeism (working while unproductive). The toll on physical health is equally problematic, with research linking burnout to hypertension, heart disease, and other medical complications.


In the burgeoning landscape of Ethiopian cinema, filmmakers like Haymanot Girmay and Moges Asrat are reshaping the industry’s narrative on YouTube. Girmay, a newcomer, invested her passion and resources into her debut film “Honelgn,” delving into societal issues with a personal touch. Meanwhile, Asrat, a seasoned figure, emphasizes the delicate balance between art and profit, learning from his early challenges. Yet, Ermias Hailemichael, a stalwart in the field, expresses concern over YouTube’s impact, citing potential quality compromises and profit-centric motives. As the debate unfolds, these filmmakers highlight the need for industry criteria, fair compensation, and more significant investment to elevate Ethiopian cinema on local and global platforms. The future, they assert, lies in fostering quality content and incentivizing long-term success over short-lived gains, writes Addisu Deresse.


The victory at Adwa is a significant achievement that represents Ethiopian unity. However, the virtues that historic battle — unity, freedom, equality and justice — seem to be eroding. Guzo Adwa, a movement that started in 2013, aims to bring a unique way to commemorate the sacrifice paid for freedom by our brave forefathers as they set out to defend their motherland from the yok of colonial aggression, is trying to reinvigorate the Ethiopian public through an annual journey to the battle site. EBR reprints an updated version of content published in edition 58 by an adjunct writer, Meseret Mamo, who explored how the annual service inspires Ethiopian youth to learn from the heroes of Adwa.


Once a bustling capital, Mekelle now wears the scars of Tigray’s brutal conflict. Its unfinished buildings and neglected shops whisper of lost opportunity, while cheap beer and quiet pubs offer solace from the harsh reality. Young people yearn for a brighter future elsewhere, fleeing to Europe or fearing jobs and famine.

The war’s economic wounds are deep. Infrastructure lies in ruins; businesses are largely looted, and unemployment soars while inflation reaches the rooftop. Hospitals struggle with staff shortages and non-payment, driving skilled doctors away in mass exodus. The spectre of famine is looming while the regional government cries for funds. Tourists, once plentiful, now stay away, deterred by images of hunger and instability in the region.

Indeed, Mekelle grapples with its new reality – hosting internally displaced people with meagre resources.
EBR’s Samuel Getachew visited Mekelle to understand how rough the road to recovery will be. He reports that it will take a concerted effort of international donors, local and federal governments, and citizens for Mekelle to rise again from the ashes and for its people to rebuild a brighter future.


As long as women achievements are concerned within the African continent, this year’s Women History Month was a humbling year.

The reality remains most African women still lag behind in all sector of society, especially in areas of economic advancement where the World Bank estimates, a majority of African women, to the tune of more than 70 Pct remain excluded by financial institutions. This is something African nations are trying to address but the status quo remains.


Ethiopia is rapidly developing into a promising hub for startups and innovation. The recent agreement between the Ministry of Innovation and Technology and the Addis Ababa City Administration to establish astate-of-the-art startup city further fuels optimism for the future of the country’s startup ecosystem. While the success of the startup city is yet to be seen, the initiative carries significant promise for Ethiopia’s future. By addressing key challenges and fostering a vibrant ecosystem, the city has the potential to propel Ethiopian startups onto the global stage and contribute significantly to the country’s economic and social development. EBR’s Eden Teshome explores.


Ethiopia is implementing a national ID system to modernise governance and empower citizens. This transformative initiative provides unique identification numbers, streamlines access to government services, and promotes inclusivity. The system utilises advanced technologies like biometrics and secure databases to ensure accurate verification and protect privacy.

The national ID system fosters economic growth, attracts investment, and empowers marginalised communities by enhancing service delivery efficiency and promoting equal access for all citizens. It also improves security by reducing identity theft and fraudulent activities. However, challenges such as the lack of financial resources and ensuring accessibility in remote areas need interventions to see the project achieve its goals to the fullest. Overall, Ethiopia’s national ID system is a cornerstone of digital governance, driving progress and prosperity for the nation. EBR’s Nejat Ahmed explores.


Ethiopia’s reputation as an investment hub has been tarnished by issues such as corruption, lack of foreign exchange, inter-ethnic conflicts, and intermittent violence. Because of these conflicts, agricultural exports particularly sesame, coffee, flowers, fruits, vegetables and others have been severely impacted. Exporters face difficulties in finding markets, dealing with rising costs domestically, and navigating security risks which have heightened the business risks they face. The government’s focus on obtaining foreign currency to service its debts and finance the import of key commodities such as fertilizer and fuel has further strained the business environment. The cancellation of Ethiopia’s membership in the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) by the United States has further affected exports, especially in the garment and apparel industries. Some exporters are considering selling or abandoning their investments, while others are exploring opportunities in the local market as an alternative. Despite these realities, Ethiopia has recently ranked at the top among countries offering vast business prospects in Africa according to the 2023 Africa Risk-Reward Index which was published last September by the Africa Oxford Economics. EBR’s Samuel Getachew dives into the report and discusses the multifaceted challenges local and foreign investors face the prevailing business environment.


Examining the Ramifications of Not Opening New Public Posts

When the Ethiopian government announced its intention of not opening new posts in the civil service in the current fiscal year, the news shocked students and graduates. For many years, employment in the public sector has guaranteed a stable life. In a changing scenario now, public sector employment is no longer a guarantee for a decent income and regular life. In recent years, the salary and benefits of public sector employees have been minimal. At the same time, the working environment compromises professional freedom as more public sector roles have increasingly become political. That’s because successive governments used the civil service to reward their loyal supporters by offering employment.

For this reason, the civil service is already crowdedly staffed, many of whom need to be more skilled. It’s one of the reasons why the current government found it difficult to institute an efficient and corruption-free civil service. Like its predecessor, it, too, wanted to reward some of its loyal supporters by granting them employment in the earlier days of its ascendancy. However, due to a solid fiscal discipline needed to curb inflation, the government announced its intention of not opening any new posts last July. EBR’s Nejat Mohammed explores the ramifications of this policy.  

Ethiopian Business Review | EBR is a first-class and high-quality monthly business magazine offering enlightenment to readers and a platform for partners.

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