Ethiopia has been making various reforms that may finally lead it towards genuine democratization. Part of the reform measures has been the court reform effort within the macro legal reform program. Ethiopia’s court system has been hassled by the drastic upheavals in the political system over more than half a century. Although the country successfully implanted modern codes of law in the 1960s, establishing a court system that can accommodate the modern laws have been and is still the challenge. Accordingly, the country’s modern civil law, penal law, and commercial law are ahead of the level where the court system needs to be to understand them, let alone apply them.