Author: Ashenafi Endale

Ashenafi EndaleDecember 1, 2017

Cut throat Price Competitions, Low Capital Base, & Poor Policy Threaten their Growth

Insurance is one of the key pillars of a modern economy. It contributes to mobilize savings, transfer risks and reduce financial losses.

The history of modern insurance in Ethiopia, especially the private sector driven one, is at its early stage. However, the sector is crippled with lack of innovative products and services. As a result, the industry lags far behind several African countries. The sector’s growth, especially in recent years, is marred with rising claims and declining premium rates. The stiff price based competition in the market contributed to this situation. EBR’s Ashenafi Endale explores the issue to offer this report.

Ashenafi EndaleDecember 1, 2017


Cotton, a natural fiber, has been grown in Ethiopia for millennia. However, the local production hardly satisfies the demand of textile industries in the country. This is despite the fact that a total of three million hectares of suitable land, which is equivalent to that of Pakistan’s, the fourth largest cotton producer in the world, is available in the country. To reverse the situation, Ethiopia recently started experimenting with Genetically Modified (GM) cotton variety known as BT cotton. 

GM cotton varieties have proven to be successful in India, China, Pakistan and US. Currently, 25 million hectares of land is cultivated around the globe with this variety. Ethiopia is moving in the same direction. However, there is a recent development in which growers’ of the commodity are reverting back to locally improved cotton seeds. EBR’s Ashenafi Endale has delved into the matter and spoken to researchers, policy makers and industrialists to offer this report.

Ashenafi EndaleNovember 1, 2017


The buildings sub sector in Ethiopia is booming because of increased private and public investment on projects such as private housing and commercial edifices. The growth of the buildings sub sector has caused skyrocketing demand for construction materials especially on finishing materials such as wood, ceramics, paper, glass, plastic and metals as well as finishing mortars and concretes. Despite the surge in demand, the country is unable to produce enough materials locally to satisfy the demand leaving house developers and contractors with imported items and escalated prices. EBR’s Ashenafi Endale explores the extent of the problem and some of the attempts taking place in the country to substitute imported finishing materials locally.

Ashenafi EndaleNovember 1, 2017


As the Ethiopian economy began to significantly expand in the last fifteen years, the demand for paper and paper products has also witnessed huge growth. In 2016/17 the demand for paper was 219,840 tons. However, the country managed to satisfy only 18Pct of the demand. The balance has always been matched by imports.

There are six companies currently engaged in the production of rolls of paper sheets from pulp and recycled paper. Although a small number of companies operate in the paper conversion sector, there is no paper mill company in the country. As a result, the country spends millions of scarce hard currency to import paper products. EBR’s Ashenafi Endale explores the issue to offer this report.

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