Because of its geological formations, Ethiopia is endowed with extensive mineral resources such as gold, platinum, niobium, tantalum, nickel, copper, chrome, and manganese, among others. However, the sector is ploughed with a number of challenges that calls for policy interventions. As a result the contribution of the sector to the overall development of the country is low compared with its potential. Especially in recent years, the role of the industry has been declining in export revenue generation. EBR’s Ashenafi Endale has consulted research, authorities and insiders to understand the reasons.