Ethiopian Business Review

Even in good financial times, development aid budgets are hardly overflowing. Government leaders and donors must make hard decisions about where to focus their limited resources. How do you decide which countries should get low-cost loans or cheaper vaccines, and which can afford to fund their own development programs?

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Investment is a vital engine for economic growth and socio economic transformation. It is one of the main considerations for policy makers, whenever economic development is formulated. Investment incentives to be accorded and the details of the laws and regulations governing the application of the investment policy may vary, depending on the time and circumstance or prevailing socio economic dynamics. The same is true for our investment laws including the latest one: investment proclamation number 769 /2012 and regulation number 270/2012.

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Africa’s share of the global Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flow is extremely low. Despite the fact that it evolved from an annual inflow of USD two billion in 1983-1987 to USD 55 billion in 2011, it represented a mere four pct of the global FDI and about 10 pct of FDI flow to the developing countries in 2010-2011. There is also a significant variation across regions and countries in Africa. Nigeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, South Africa, Algeria, Angola, Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire, accounting for a hefty two thirds of the FDI flow to Africa.

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