Adam Retta’s Interconnected World: How the Writer Uses His Novels to Comment on Society

Adam Retta is an Ethiopian writer whose novels and short stories are becoming increasingly popular among Ethiopian readers. Some of his most well known works include Gracha Kachiloch, Mereq, and Etemete Lomishita. Despite emotional and textual depth in his works, some readers find his novels a bit difficult to follow, as he often breaks from the Ethiopian literary tradition, using elaborate footnotes and dense prose in his work. In this first instalment of a two-part series, EBR’s Meseret Mamo spoke with literary scholars about his work and offers this analysis. Next issue, we will feature an interview with the writer to learn more about his literary and intellectual ambitions.

Despite a relatively uncommon career path, Adam’s works still resonate with many, which have helped him to become popular among readers in a short period of time. This is especially true for Christian Tadelle, a 28 year-old public health specialist at the Federal Ministry of Health. “Adam’s books are all about living. While reading his books, you will feel like you are experiencing the [protagonist’s] story, like the character is telling you the story and is sitting beside you. I myself feel the story of Mezigebu in ‘Gracha Kachiloch’ is my story and also a story of many kids who were raised in the rural or small towns of the country,” he says.

Christian says his feelings emanate from Adam’s writing style. His stories are usually narrated in the first person. Adam is noted for providing a rich, complex and nuanced environment for his characters, such that if someone doesn’t identify with any particular character, he or she may identify with or recognize their surroundings or circumstances. Tewodros Atnafu, who has a master’s degree in Ethiopian Language and Folklore, believes this is what makes Adam’s works so alluring to some readers, noting that the “setting helps the reader to be in the place and situation that the character is in.”

Despite a growth in popularity over the past few years, Adam’s work can still be difficult to read or understand, as Adam is noted for using complex language. The details, too, can be a challenge to keep track of, as he uses common tropes and story lines in many of his novels. Readers may sometimes feel that there are too many similarities, even repetition, in his works. 

A reader’s confusion may also be as a result of another unusual feature in his novels: footnotes. In fact, his very detailed footnotes can extend up to two or three pages, which may be distracting to readers.  In one novel, Adam’s references include opinions and other miscellaneous information. Other works are noted for having alternate endings – a phenomenon that’s not common in Ethiopia’s literary tradition. His use of footnotes have graduated into what are known as ‘weshmet’ (‘patches’ in Amharic), which are separate stories within the main story of the novel. 

The unusual way of presenting stories make Adam a writer who created his own style of writing, which many readers admire.  Adam says this style is done on purpose and he calls his writing style ‘hitsinawinet’. For Adam, ‘hitsinawinet’ is about interconnection, which he feels is important in connecting the reader with the novel as well as connecting people to one another. “Though [people] look unique and separate [on the outside], intelligent analysis shows that people are related…genetically, linguistically and share a plethora of cultural content,” says Adam, when expanding his philosophy of interconnection.

Adam said he uses footnotes and other forms of references to give a complete and whole picture of a story from different vantage points. This, he says, is the essence of ‘hisinawinet’. 

Tewodros completed his master’s thesis in textual analysis, especially intra- and inter-textuality, which are methods used for understanding or interpreting a text. He also presented analysis of Adam’s work at the release of Adam’s new book ‘Mereq’ at the Hager Fikir Theather in Addis Ababa. He argues that Adam wants his readers use these analytical techniques to give a wide and deep explanation about his stories and that he inserts footnotes or what he call ‘weshmet’ (patches), for readers to cross-reference for a complete picture of the story. Tewodros says this is called inter-textuality. The intra-textuality method of interpretation in Adam’s work according to Tewodros, is the interconnection of independent short stories within a book.  

Adam has managed to publish eight books in the last decade, two long novels and six shorter works, namely collections of short stories and novelas.  

Adam refers to the traditional way of writing stories in Ethiopia as linear, a form in which stories are presented in chronological order. The reason why he feels the need to diverge from the traditional way of writing is because linear novels, in which stories are told from one vantage point, are not as realistic as they are usually perceived. He has been noted as saying that storytelling should be more complex than that. 

The idea of interconnectivity is manifested in his works, perhaps most notably among his characters, and not always in good ways. We see in his stories how situations affect the character’s personality for better or worst, and personality of those characters to their environment and the people they meet in life.  In Adam’s works, such connectivity is presented in negative ways more often than not. Many of the characters get victimized by the outside world, which happens deliberately or unintentionally. 

These victimized characters are usually so passive that they retreat and surrender rather than taking immediate action against physical or psychological attack from their surroundings: family, friends, peers, classmates, community, politicians. They consume the attack silently and the readers see the adverse effects of the attack after a while.

But some scholars suggest that this passivity may be strategic. Tsedey Woldu, a PhD candidate in Ethiopian Language and Folklore, is currently conducting research on Adam and his works. She told EBR that “the characters’ passivity is [towards the] other characters in the novel, but they are active in their minds. We see their judgments, criticisms, hatred, love, and care,” which she claims will affect their livelihoods after tragic events.  

Sometimes, these characters are seen exhibiting this connectivity in their minds. One such example is seen in a story called ‘Etemete Lomishita,’ when a character named Tadesse ponders, “it is possible to destroy a country by creating many miserable people.” Scholars suggest that this phrase reflects Adam’s perspective that we’re all connected to one another – in this instance, as countrymen – and may face a similar fate if some citizens are upset. 

Adam likens his style of writing to injera, the staple food of Ethiopian cuisine. On his Facebook page, Adam states that “injera is round. It is three-dimensional yet flat. It has holes and yet [is] consistent. It is between solid and non-solid. At first the injera holes…seem to be nomads, and yet they are all interconnected through a maze of miniature tunnels. It has a contrasting structure signified by opposites and yet all contributing to its whole physical ‘survival’.”

Despite Adam’s openness in discussing his artistic motivations and metaphors on social media, scholars agree that it’s difficult to draw a specific message from his works. “There are ways we can [extract] possible meanings about each of his works since there is no fictional work without certain purpose. But I can only guess, though I can’t deny there are certain themes that recur in his works with different emphasis and intensity,” says Tsedey. Tewodros echoed her thoughts: “I can only guess but can’t say his exact intentions.” 

Some disagree with this assessment. Roman Tewolde ,40, is a passionate poetry and literature lover who currently lives in London. Unlike Tsedey and Tewodros, she says Adam doesn’t have a specific purpose in each of his works. “I think he wants to make his readers question their lives and the society and political system in which they live. I do not feel he has a specific message to readers but he wants them to question things through his writing and stories,” says Roman. 

Roman says Adam’s works are universal and timeless. She even tried to translate some of his works into English. “The content of the stories are not unique to Ethiopia. It is the story of me, you, and anybody else in the world. Just because it is written in Amharic it does not necessarily mean it is a uniquely Ethiopian story. For example, the childhood themes are universal, the love stories are also universal,” she says.

One could reasonably argue that because Adam’s stories have universal themes of humanity, they are timeless. But it’s also easy to imbue his stories with more than the text on the page. That is, of course, what he hopes readers do, especially given that he’s so taken with the concept of interconnectedness. And if you peel back the layers of Adam’s works, you find a writer who seems very concerned about his country. The cultural and legendary myth he presents, nuanced anthropological explanations and the rich vocabulary in his works are perhaps the best indicators of this. Maybe he is trying to save the cultural legacy of his generation in terms of language and humanity. Maybe.

120 comments

  • Ventura IT

    Nice post. Thank you!

    Ventura IT Monday, 07 August 2017 05:01 Comment Link
  • StantonTes

    order cialis paypal
    buy cialis 20 mg online
    cialis buy
    cialis 20mg cheap
    order cialis online prescription

    StantonTes Friday, 04 August 2017 22:55 Comment Link
  • Alvinjes

    givenchy occhiali da sole uomo
    occhiali celine vendita on line
    borsa da uomo di prada
    coprivolante burberry
    ingrosso burberry
    negozio dior milano saldi
    celine 75008
    dove acquistare bois d'argent dior
    prezzo lancel borse
    miu miu bologna orari
    magliette portafoglio chloe
    balenciaga florabotanica prezzo
    occhiali da sole prada edizione limitata
    chloe drew udine
    borsa miu miu saldi milano
    sito chloe roma
    portafoglio dior bambino
    borsa miu miu franchising
    miu miu matelasse italia sito ufficiale
    costo portafoglio dior roma
    dior outlet romania
    palazzo della civiltà italiana fendi
    portafogli dior milano sito
    negozi chloe drew roma
    carrè hermes
    givenchy bag
    acquistare borsa miu miu italia
    acquisto chloe borse
    michael kors bag zipper
    offerte alexander wang
    negozio chloe genova
    borsa lancel confronta prezzi
    portafogli chloe napoli
    prada sfilata uomo
    portafogli alexander wang italia prezzi
    collezione prada borse 2012
    miu miu matelasse donna saldi
    spaccio prada porpetto
    occhiali da sole marc jacobs donna 2015
    burberry buttons
    celine eyeglasses
    outlet celine rignano sull'arno
    ebay burberry uomo
    dove comprare portafogli alexander wang italia
    orari miu miu matelasse italia
    aperture dior milano
    prada uomo forte dei marmi
    chloe drew franchising
    hermes outlet official
    borsa chloe negozio roma
    burberry donna ebay
    acquistare portafoglio dior italia
    borse chloe uomo
    borsa alexander wang prezzo italia
    chloe traduzione italiano
    offerta dior borse
    portafogli miu miu catalogo
    see by chloe borse 2017
    balenciaga outlet reggello
    balenciaga imitazione roma
    borse hermes estate 2014
    offerte borsa prada nylon prezzi
    prezzo borsa lancel
    burberry baby saldi
    birkin e kelly hermes prezzo
    negozi borse dior roma
    celine usa online store
    portafoglio alexander wang negozio roma
    maglie burberry 2016
    prada montatura
    indirizzo borse dior milano
    alexander wang borse roma sito
    borsa prada gaufre
    birkin hermes 30
    la bottega veneta outlet
    occhiali miu miu sconti
    celine borsa nano
    borse fendi 2015
    rinascente marc jacobs
    prada milano sac a main
    foulard hermes tropiques
    hermes handbags outlet uk
    portafoglio miu miu milano sito ufficiale
    burberry bimbo outlet
    spaccio aziendale prada civitanova marche
    lady dior milano orari
    saldi borse chloe milano
    borsa burberry 2016
    moda balenciaga sito ufficiale
    alexander wang borse vendita italia
    dior uomo scarpe
    portafogli dior store italia
    borsa alexander wang prezzo
    borse dior replica
    italia borsa chloe outlet
    capello burberry donna
    camicia burberry rossa
    bottega veneta linkedin
    borsa chloe venezia
    birkin vs kelly bag hermes
    miu miu rinascente milano telefono
    borse di dior prezzi
    borse michael kors annunci
    michael kors orologi rivenditori brescia
    spaccio aziendale prada ancona
    hermes srl trasporti
    brit splash burberry
    negozio borsa miu miu roma saldi
    portafoglio dior saldi roma
    cravatte marinella hermes
    acquistare portafogli chloe italia
    cravatta hermes elefanti
    hermes birkin jakarta
    borsa lancel uomo saldi
    hermes outlet online usa
    orari portafogli lancel milano
    borsa miu miu prezzo roma
    michael kors borse yoox
    burberry weekend 30 ml
    jacky celine vera pelle
    lady dior shop online
    occhiali prada reliance
    sito burberry
    comprare chloe borse online
    borsa prada prezzi ebay
    taglie chloe marcie
    profumi da uomo di hermes
    acquista portafogli alexander wang prezzi
    portafoglio alexander wang milano ufficiale
    michael kors bag nz
    portafoglio chloe roma sito ufficiale
    chloe drew kids milano
    burberry brit rhythm eau de parfum
    marc jacobs lavora con noi
    michael kors online greece
    rivenditori alexander wang borse italia
    sneaker givenchy
    burberry romeo beckham
    taglie lady dior
    dove comprare borse alexander wang italia
    givenchy le rouge a porter swatch
    bambina burberry
    burberry pour femme
    borse chloe napoli
    black burberry
    rivenditori borsa chloe
    celine luggage bag where to buy
    shopper marc jacobs
    negozio borsa chloe milano saldi
    biografia de hermes de roma
    hermes reply torino
    sito dove comprare portafoglio miu miu
    prezzi borse balenciaga 2011
    vendita dior roma
    jimmy choo scandicci indirizzo
    borse prada goffrate
    occhiali prada femminili
    hermes kelly trasparente
    chloe drew roma catalogo
    balenciaga negozio a milano
    chloe marcie wallet
    marc jacobs promiscuous blush swatch
    malena fendi sexy pose
    borse da viaggio burberry
    borse dior italia milano
    boutique hermes venezia
    mascara dior offerta
    portafogli miu miu milano ufficiale
    prada vitello daino sacca 2 manici
    michael kors bag keyring
    occhiali sole prada 2012 uomo
    miu miu borse 2017-14
    portafogli lancel verona
    miu miu donna prezzo
    hermes foulard les clés
    zapatos prada raffaello
    michael kors milano tel
    rivenditori miu miu matelasse roma
    cappa burberry
    michael kors handbag quilted
    prada outlet korea
    outlet miu miu online
    fahrenheit dior sconti
    occhiali bottega veneta
    lady dior donna prezzi
    dior orologi sito ufficiale
    prada daino double-pocket hobo bag brown
    givenchy logo
    negozio chloe borse roma saldi
    borsa alexander wang rimini
    sneaker fendi donna
    sito portafoglio alexander wang roma
    offerte lavoro fendi porto san giorgio
    chloe drew donna
    burberry london uomo 100 ml
    outlet noventa burberry
    portafogli lancel saldi italia
    borsa hermes on line
    roma chloe marcie orari
    cappello fendi prezzo
    comprare chloe drew online
    michael kors borse napoli
    borse dior prezzo milano
    givenchy ecume
    dior borse genova
    cinture hermes roma
    fendi maglie
    chloe marcie satchel purse forum
    michael kors borse
    givenchy online shop
    nomi borse miu miu
    orari borse alexander wang italia
    fendi zainetto
    portafoglio miu miu donna prezzo
    alexander wang comprare
    borsa alexander wang offerte
    dove comprare miu miu
    hermes consulting firenze
    borse alexander wang roma indirizzo
    listino prezzi borse chloè
    borse chloe donna
    celine borse amazon
    foulard burberry donna
    chloe negozio andria
    outlet michael kors las americas
    fondazione prada milano
    prada handbags
    celine borse phantom
    portafoglio dior catalogo uomo
    hermes birkin jpg bag
    birkin bag hermes 40cm
    paola fendi wikipedia
    monsieur de givenchy
    burberry black perfume
    orari alexander wang rocco roma
    balenciaga sneakers københavn
    comprare borsa miu miu online
    comprare trucchi dior online
    prezzo alexander wang borse italia
    miu miu the mall firenze
    hermes borse 2012
    burberry sciarpa uomo
    miu miu fall winter 2017
    secchiello fendi
    selma michael kors purple
    sciarpa tipo burberry
    negozi lady dior roma
    hermes showroom milano
    portafogli chloe italia roma
    miuccia prada vermögen
    michael kors outlet yelp
    portafogli chloe euroma2
    fendi collezione 2016
    borsa lancel prezzi milano
    cuscino fendi
    burberry giacca pelle
    borse simili hermes
    medaglietta fendi
    fendi belt
    borsa chloe euroma2
    vendo borse chloe milano
    chloe drew mini
    borsa chloe roma outlet
    hermes bomboniere prezzi
    roma dior borse outlet
    portafoglio chloe bambino prezzo
    portafoglio chloe vendita
    dior so real comprare
    dior negozio italia
    borsa miu miu negozi milano
    hermes calcio
    borse uomo prada outlet
    vendo portafogli chloe roma
    bottega veneta pour homme
    asta balenciaga
    dior roma outlet
    alexander wang h&m italia
    portafogli alexander wang offerta
    portafoglio dior store milano
    papillon burberry uomo
    apertura borsa alexander wang italia
    michael kors outlet 59.99
    borsa robinson tory burch
    sito ufficiale prada borse 2012
    borse dior saldi milano
    hermes communication napoli
    rivenditori portafoglio lancel roma
    chloe donna prezzo
    alexander wang negozio roma
    roma borsa chloe negozi
    fendi milano via solari
    hermes outlet dallas
    selma michael kors cena
    dior winter 2017
    fendi scarpe uomo prezzi
    michael kors bag worth it
    lancel borse shop online
    lady dior replica
    miu miu matelasse saldi online
    burberry estate 2016
    marc jacobs rossetti
    borse prada su amazon
    sciarpa e cappello fendi
    chloe borse milano negozio
    miuccia prada biografia
    dior milano
    marc jacobs occhiali sole
    celine outlet website
    miu miu borse comprare
    lancel vendita italia
    dior negozio milano
    borsa dior saldi
    zaino burberry
    birkin kelly hermes
    dior uomo occhiali
    burberry uomo outlet online
    rivenditore orologi michael kors salerno
    portafogli alexander wang confronta prezzi
    prezzi scarpe celine
    fendi hotel milan
    fondazione prada milano ripamonti
    saldi borse alexander wang roma
    givenchy extravagance
    prezzo ipo prada
    hermes compra online
    miu miu shop milan
    come capire se una borsa fendi è originale
    louis ferdinand celine hollywood
    saldi portafogli lancel roma
    borsa lancel outlet milano
    orecchini mise en dior bologna
    dior italia sito
    prada tessuto gaufre bn1935
    borsa lancel scontati
    barbour burberry
    borsa prada blu
    acquistare lancel roma
    portafoglio uomo prada prezzi
    michael kors bag teal
    comprare sito borsa chloe
    alexander wang rockie roma negozio
    specchio fendi
    michael kors selma europe
    borsa burberry
    michael kors borse rosse
    hermes italia via serbelloni
    burberry brit rhythm for him
    borse chloe prezzi
    dior firenze orari
    borse alexander wang prezzi milano
    Related Articles

    Alvinjes Thursday, 03 August 2017 23:56 Comment Link
  • Alvinjes

    miu miu madras udine
    balenciaga scarpe saldi
    christian dior roma via condotti
    prada sfilate inverno 2012
    erika gorini givenchy
    aperture borse dior milano
    terre d hermes deodorant stick
    yoox burberry
    ricostruzione unghie fendi
    foulard hermes da collezione
    comprare borsa chloe roma
    balenciaga prezzo yahoo
    negozi fendi roma
    portafoglio alexander wang saldi italia
    celine nome significato
    opinioni dior addict
    foulard hermes galerie lafayette
    terre d'hermes
    hermes italie spa lavora con noi
    carre hermes bolduc
    portafogli alexander wang genova
    borsa alexander wang uomo prezzi
    portafogli dior vendita
    hermes trasporti friuli
    selma michael kors review
    burberry cafe london
    michael kors orologi shop online
    vendo lady dior udine
    miu miu matelasse firenze
    marc jacobs cafe
    chloe drew milano negozio
    acquistare borse chloe roma
    mr burberry fragrance
    prezzi lancel borse italia
    prada handbags - vitello daino tote
    chloe outlet store
    hermes foulard nouer
    celine borsa misure
    hermes & partners roma
    borse miu miu italia outlet
    alexander wang per h&m negozi roma
    hermes birkin 40 measurements
    borse tory burch saldi
    borsa fendi quanto costa
    occhiali da sole fendi in offerta
    borse hermes kelly e birkin
    burberry brit london
    prada daino mini hobo bag
    dove comprare miu miu matelasse
    comprare scarpe dior
    portafoglio miu miu milano saldi
    catalogo alexander wang rocco roma
    miu miu negozio
    hermes kelly sellier
    costo portafoglio dior roma
    burberry new collection
    dove comprare borse alexander wang italia
    borsa lancel vendita
    prada cervo lux hobo
    portafogli alexander wang brescia
    deodorante burberry prezzo
    t by alexander wang online shop
    sciarpa simil burberry
    marc jacobs palermo
    fendi 0120
    borsa chloe faye
    italia miu miu borse outlet
    stivali di hermes
    spaccio prada-miu miu firenze
    borse michael kors 2017
    fendi storia del marchio
    occhiali da vista tondi fendi
    hermes a bologna
    borse chloe saldi uomo
    portafoglio dior catalogo
    miuccia prada wikipedia italia
    celine luggage bag price euro
    marc jacobs borsa tela
    dior rinascente milano tel
    yoox givenchy
    hermes corriere frosinone
    borsa miu miu prezzo italia
    sandali prada 2012 prezzi
    borsa hermes fucsia
    prada prezzi portafogli
    occhiali vista prada 2012
    borsa alexander wang milano sito ufficiale
    bomber uomo burberry
    hermes foulard mousseline
    borse prada borse
    borse alexander wang store italia
    sito portafoglio alexander wang milano
    givenchy sale online
    costo borsa lancel milano
    mini mini kelly hermes
    divano letto flou celine
    burberry birthday cake
    portafoglio chloe italia prodotti
    hermes napoli corriere
    hermes cravatte usate
    hermes birkin jak rozpoznać oryginał
    jimmy choo negozi
    balenciaga menswear online shop
    miu miu borse modelli
    balenciaga sneakers hautes arena
    milano portafoglio chloe negozio
    prada materiali
    borse michael kors padova
    hermes a varese
    sito lancel borse outlet
    vendita portafogli chloe roma
    prada tessuto fanny pack
    borsa chloe roma prezzi
    borsa alexander wang negozi italia
    catalogo lady dior italia
    orari portafogli lancel italia
    birkin bag van hermes
    portafogli miu miu saldi milano
    prada tessuto nylon tote br4420
    dior borse saldi online
    vendo borse alexander wang milano
    miu miu negozio italia
    felpa burberry uomo
    borse michael kors a brescia
    rossetto givenchy prezzo
    canzone mr burberry
    celine luggage bag new york
    acquistare portafogli miu miu milano
    dior homme milano
    dove comprare chloe marcie
    borse dior outlet on line
    catalogo borsa miu miu milano
    borsa miu miu saldi italia
    consolle fendi
    marc jacobs mmj
    hermes vintage kelly bags
    apertura borse chloe milano
    roma chloe borse orari
    miu miu store italia
    sito borse alexander wang roma
    lady dior acquisto
    mr burberry testimonial
    miu miu borse negozio milano
    miu miu online usa
    replica genti hermes birkin
    negozio alexander wang milano saldi
    apertura negozio dior venezia
    offerta lancel borse
    burberry lip
    prada bauletto soft calf
    balenciaga outlet tokyo
    sfilata hermes 2013
    catalogo lancel borse milano
    occhiali vista donna marc jacobs
    pelle reversibile 32 mm hermes
    orario apertura negozio prada milano
    givenchy tyson low
    catalogo portafoglio chloe
    balenciaga vendita on line
    noir couture givenchy
    vendo miu miu matelasse
    orari borsa miu miu roma
    felpe prada uomo
    chloe marcie sito ufficiale
    dior borse donna prezzi
    lady dior negozio roma
    collana fendi iniziale
    miu miu madras milano telefono
    dior addict bergamot
    borse miu miu negozi roma
    outlet michael kors fidenza
    alexander wang rocco italia catalogo
    portafoglio lancel vendita milano
    catalogo borsa chloe milano
    stoffa fantasia burberry
    porta carte di credito prada
    lancel borse roma ufficiale
    alexander wang rocco catania
    comprare portafoglio dior italia
    acquisto miu miu borse
    borsa balenciaga rossa
    stivali celine b
    pochette miu miu in vendita
    vendita orologi michael kors milano
    taglie borse chloe
    michael kors borse a tracolla
    jimmy choo occhiali brillantini
    prada tessuto future
    commessi borse alexander wang milano
    hermes casa editrice
    borsa dior modello gaucho
    modella my burberry
    borsa givenchy originale
    borsa dior uomo prezzi
    carré hermes 2012
    chloe borse prezzo italia
    ricostruzione unghie burberry
    sconti borse dior italia
    negozio prada san giorgio di nogaro
    chloe marcie sconti
    miu miu madras brescia
    portafoglio prada 2012
    chloe drew italia prezzo
    balenciaga borse paglia
    borsa chloe store milano
    borse lancel negozio roma
    alexander wang roma saldi
    burberry brit rhythm donna
    dior borse replica
    portafogli chloe negozio
    kelly hermes replica
    ciondolo fendi lettera c
    prada daino talco
    miu miu matelasse saldi roma
    negozio borse chloe milano saldi
    givenchy enchanting beige
    alexander wang borse catalogo donna
    tracolle burberry
    negozio balenciaga milano
    miu miu madras negozio
    negozio prada viareggio
    palazzo fendi roma eur
    hermes 164 filiale di torino
    apertura portafogli alexander wang roma
    borse lancel milano negozio
    vestiti battesimo burberry
    borsa chloe italia prezzo
    negozio borsa chloe italia saldi
    portafogli lancel vendita roma
    fendi silvana
    alexander wang borse roma outlet
    miu miu matelasse opinioni
    prada borse autunno inverno 2014
    dove comprare borse michael kors
    marc jacobs showstopper
    capelli burberry
    givenchy shoes 2017
    sneakers miu miu prezzo
    hermes birkin tipi di pelle
    alexander wang rocco store roma
    vendita borse miu miu roma
    negozi borsa alexander wang milano
    occhiali celine uomo
    alexander wang rockie store roma
    comprare borse lancel milano
    borse celine roma
    miuccia prada son
    portafogli dior milano saldi
    lancel milano negozio
    lady dior milano negozio
    michael kors online handtassen
    negozio chloe drew milano
    balenciaga milano via santo spirito
    catalogo dior
    celine boutique italia
    offerte borse chloe
    hermes kelly lakis 40
    vendita portafoglio lancel roma
    michael kors spedizioni italia
    fondazione prada venezia orari
    borse miu miu milano negozio
    profumi fendi uomo
    hermes birkin zu verkaufen
    montature fendi occhiali da vista
    occhiali da sole prada collezione 2007
    hermes carre tying
    negozi portafoglio miu miu milano
    borse chloe store roma
    baguette fendi zucca
    fendi marsupio
    terre d'hermes miglior prezzo
    fendi store
    burberry baby touch cofanetto
    tory burch tracolla
    outlet balenciaga
    balenciaga sneakers kaufen
    negozio lancel roma
    birkin hermes vip
    lady dior medium prezzo
    miu miu italiano
    borsa jimmy choo
    celine shoes ebay
    alexander wang rockie genova
    michael kors online väskor
    negozio alexander wang italia
    miu miu madras negozio
    fendi roma mostra
    dior borse sito ufficiale
    offerte dior homme intense
    zapatos miu miu online
    prezzi borse alexander wang
    celine runway shoes
    balenciaga sneakers fall 2013
    dalhia givenchy
    h m milano alexander wang
    hermes bags outlet
    portafoglio burberry donna
    sciarpa fendi bambina
    borsa icona balenciaga
    hermes terre uomo
    cintura hermes fake
    lancel roma negozi
    portafogli dior roma ufficiale
    outlet prada orari
    dior italia prezzo
    bottega veneta 2017
    miu miu rimini
    chloe marcie 2017
    outlet portafoglio chloe online
    vestito bimba burberry
    borsa miu miu store roma
    borsa prada fucsia
    catalogo gafas prada 2009
    camicia azzurra burberry
    burberry ragazzo
    givenchy small pandora messenger
    portafogli miu miu verona
    zuma roma fendi
    negozio dior catania
    orari borse lancel italia
    d'hermes
    portafoglio chloe italia ufficiale
    hermes birkin bags
    lancel borse roma indirizzo
    borse dior comprare online
    prezzo dior homme
    miu miu matelasse italia prezzo
    alexander wang rockie roma outlet
    portafoglio miu miu negozi italia
    come riconoscere una borsa fendi falsa
    sfilata miu miu estate 2017
    burberry neonato battesimo
    alexander wang confronta prezzi
    outlet prada montevarchi saldi
    riconoscere cintura hermes originale
    miu miu matelasse comprare online
    borsa miu miu milano orari
    sconti portafogli miu miu milano
    celine luggage bag tote price
    miu miu matelasse clutch
    bologna prada factory outlet
    pizzeria le prado a hermes
    decolletes celine
    outlet miu miu madras roma
    borse burberry foto
    portafogli alexander wang saldi milano
    sconti dior italia
    prada vitello daino zip hobo
    givenchy italia scandicci
    catalogo hermes julho 2012
    Related Articles

    Alvinjes Thursday, 03 August 2017 03:36 Comment Link
  • Alvinjes

    yeezy boost 350 buy
    ventilation rengöring helsingborg
    höstjacka herr mode
    billiga laura biagiotti parfym
    nike air max 90 hyp premium id damenschuh
    voxbone support
    flickkläder lindex
    marc o'polo skjorta dam
    slagskeppet öppettider
    skor nike
    cykeljacka intersport
    ferrari parfym black
    snygga jackor dam vår
    odd molly rea online
    grusskor stadium
    outlet kläder herr
    nya nike skor 2017
    parajumpers väst dam
    games barn yarn online
    ventilationskanaler i lösull
    air max online outlet
    adidas originals dam pricerunner
    asics löparskor dam billigt
    bebiskläder sommar
    rea klänningar
    adidas mössa baby
    air max online cheap
    aleksandra boscanin kontakt
    bakvatten synonym
    regionteatern uddevalla
    parajumper herr ugo
    adidas klänning nelly
    giorgio armani si perfume intense
    dyra jackor
    nike skor barn innermått
    roshe one nike review
    helly hansen barn
    kappa real face
    fiberpälsjacka fristad
    gant jacka outlet
    stadium air max herr
    adidas originals stan smith white navy
    polo red cologne review
    lauren ralph lauren tab front asymmetrical wool blend coat
    ralph lauren gants cuir homme
    andon robotics örebro
    parfym klick fri frakt
    adidas gazelle pink womens
    air max skor till barn
    köpa begagnade barnkläder på nätet
    fadren film
    billiga fotbollsskor nike hypervenom
    polo sport edt spray
    barbour västerås
    vantablack car
    ralph lauren skjorta herr orange
    adidas skor barn superstar
    parajumpers ugo super lightweight jacket
    moncler real vs fake
    canada goose vårjacka
    ralph lauren germany promotion code
    adidas jacka dam blommig
    ronaldo top skor 2015
    vita adidas sneakers barn
    strumpor barn storpack
    ralph lauren winter jacket ebay
    snygga jeans jackor herr
    skor rea dam
    sovplagg dam rea
    nike free 5.0 svart dam
    anna hanna och johanna recension
    tamaris skor återförsäljare
    dior homme edt fragrantica
    retro barnkläder rea
    adidas skor guld dam
    parajumpers herr rea
    adidas skor vit svart
    wongs örebro take away
    versace yellow diamond deo stick
    ralph lauren golf fairway cap
    fjällräven övik
    nike free 5.0 svarta herr
    parfym 1 million
    armani skjorta pris
    ralph lauren barn kille
    ekologiska ullkläder barn
    vårjackor dam lindex
    parajumpers gobi damen braun
    fotbollsskor konstgräs vs gräs
    fotbollsskor för små barn
    adidas stan smith w dam
    fotbollsskor inomhus nike
    ralph lauren mössa rea
    adidas karatedräkt
    polo teddy bear cap
    gympaskor nike barn
    t-shirt barn star wars
    valentino parfym åhlens
    märkeskläder billigt dam
    ventilationskanal
    ralph lauren dam
    rea på polo ralph lauren
    joya skor malmö
    lv väskor på nätet
    gant preppy down jacket black
    nike free run herr pricerunner
    pjs vårjacka
    köpa skor online flashback
    adidas superstar röd vit
    hobbyborgen
    nike free 5.0 svart
    rosa randig ralph lauren skjorta
    duffel jacka dam rea
    ralph lauren gant kläder
    creed parfym prisjakt
    skidkläder barn cross
    ugg adirondack is the furreal
    ugg australia sverige
    nike air max 90 hyperfuse premium white
    adidas superstar 2 prisjakt
    nike running shoes reviews
    moncler köpenhamn öppettider
    ralph lauren stickad tröja flagga
    fjällräven greenland jacka barn
    nike skor svarta dam
    ralph laurent vinterjacka
    cartier panthere parfym
    billiga skottsäkra västar
    bronx skor
    ralph lauren dam pricerunner
    barn märkeskläder outlet
    sd stoppa invandringen
    parfym polo 2
    ralph lauren vit skjorta dam
    nike air pegasus damskie
    klänningar online fest
    odd molly kläder online rea
    nike träningsväska sportamore
    deichmann skor malmö
    adidas kläder rea
    pyjamasar barn
    sot och ventilationstjänst
    w air max thea
    bergans jacka folven youth
    musk deodorant stick
    nike - free 5.0 - vit/rosa
    marco polo barnkläder
    air max skor barn
    denim & supply ralph lauren reave leather slip-on sneakers
    ralph lauren kjole dame
    moncler size chart uk
    adidas originals la trainer og
    chloe parfym signature
    ten points skor malmö
    pj sandwich
    parajumpers online usa
    barbour beaufort göteborg
    ralph lauren vest sale
    shoppan
    ralph lauren sweatshirt herr
    perfume yves saint laurent parisienne
    air max zalando mujer
    hm barn rea
    restaurang china örebro öppettider
    dagmar galla mössa
    ralph lauren sweden office
    polo t shirt herr
    adidas firebird byxor rea
    hello kitty pyjamas baby
    billiga stickade gant tröjor
    yeezy boost 350 online adidas
    rest efesos örebro
    adidas träningsbyxor rea
    litterär analys kallocain
    lättvikts dunjacka dam stadium
    skor dam adidas
    ralph lauren v neck t shirt women's
    onesie pyjamas womens
    pj jacka dam
    ash skor storlek
    hangarfartyg storbritannien
    tommy hilfiger skor
    kabelstickad kofta ralph lauren
    ralph lauren jeans hemd damen
    nike air max 90 essential white dam
    fjällräven totepack
    nerikes brandkår utryckningar
    barnkläder ekologisk bomull
    polo t shirts dames
    lucullus örebro mat
    nike free run 3.0 flyknit
    väskor på nätet dam
    hypnose parfym herr
    kläder dam 2017
    nike air premium 1
    pyjamasbyxor barn
    adidas superstar dam grå mocka
    adidas dragon blau herren
    polo ralph lauren sweatshirt vintage
    kmb skor
    damskor storlek 34
    hm kjol midi
    kappa twitch
    polo ralph lauren pyjama damen
    parajumper long bear blå
    fahrenheit parfym 100 ml
    svart kjol barn
    mizuno skor pingis
    parajumper dunjacka
    rea nike air max barn
    polo ralph laurent dam
    adidas nmd beige
    adidas skor superstar göteborg
    nike skor grå
    kavaj barn pojke
    sportskor nike.se
    lundhags park känga
    nike golf skort
    adidas supergirl red
    ralph lauren usa outlet
    ralph lauren blazer herre
    ralph lauren big pony 1 fragrantica
    nike air max thea vita intersport
    väska ralph lauren
    fleecetröja barn xxl
    superfly barnstorlek
    rc butik malmö
    august strindberg konstnär
    barnskor nike air max
    frövi skor malmö öppettider
    rengöra ventilationskanaler själv
    ralph lauren polo sport woman eau de toilette spray
    boomerang dunjacka dam
    adidas sport performance barnskor
    zalando nike herrskor
    klänningar barn online
    nike roshe skor herr
    stan smith sko dame blå
    michael kors parfym jasmine
    zalando air max 2017
    pyjamasar herr
    polo sport tröja dam
    ralph lauren sverige online barn
    mörkgrön skjorta dam
    dahlin skor herr
    ralph lauren sko til baby
    sverige kläder
    adidas gazelle mocka
    nike sportkläder online
    8848 jacka pris
    air max 90 leather white/white
    asics gel ds trainer og
    adidas byxor climacool stadium
    lättviktsjacka dam intersport
    adidas sneakers vita
    desigual ballerinaskor
    nike träningsskor svarta
    inneskor barn hm
    ralph lauren höstjacka
    adidas skor ljusrosa
    biblioteket brunnsparken öppettider
    storleksguide nike
    skorpion
    elizabeth arden parfym red door
    jessica simpson parfym
    marinblå väst dam
    hobbyaffärer skåne
    pike research
    nike skor 2015
    puma skor basket heart
    ralf lauren dam parfym
    nike free white
    sportkläder barn hm
    moncler mössa dam
    damjacka vår 2016
    adidas originals outlet sverige
    parajumpers windbreaker desert shell jacket men's
    el scooter harley
    fjällräven jacka rea
    jesus för världen givit sitt liv
    bästa fotbollsskorna för breda fötter
    nike nmd r1
    billiga mössor med pälsboll
    långkalsonger engelska
    rea på märkeskläder
    parajumper jacka dam pris
    el scooter 250w
    air max command dam
    belle shoes kista
    parfym dolce gabbana herr
    johanssons skor rabatt
    adidas jacka dam
    adidas skor vit guld
    barnklänningar lindex
    park west skor göteborg
    kort saga på engelska
    adidas gazelle pink chalk
    haglöfs fleecetröja herr
    fritidskläder surahammar
    sticka barnkläder bok
    canada goose rea sverige
    ventpartner i västmanland
    air max thea pink pow
    nike air max 90 herrenschuhe red white
    dope kläder junior
    roberto cavalli parfym exotica
    svensk storköksservice uppsala
    kappa slapper slang
    ralph lauren rea barnkläder
    adidas gazelle herr svart
    ugg sverige butik
    sandbergs salong priser
    damjacka kappahl
    white ralph lauren hoodie ebay
    adidas superstar grey stripes
    sneakers stan smith zebra
    parajumpers kodiak jacka herr svart
    justvoip login
    adidas sommarskor
    löparskor adidas rea
    jeans ralph lauren homme
    ralf lauren dam klänning
    cristiano ronaldo fotbollsskor barn
    alpha industries bomberjacka
    8848 skidkläder dam
    bibliotek trollhättan öppettider
    adidas vita
    real polo ralph lauren shirts
    nike air max thea hvid pricerunner
    ralph lauren bags macy's
    nike air max mesh 90
    marinblå väst barn
    ralph lauren polo shirt outlet
    fotbollsskor messi 2016
    adidas zip crew moscow
    bästa routern 2016
    skor ralph lauren
    nmd sneakersnstuff datamosh
    regnkläder barn
    siden pyjamas dam lindex
    adidas zx flux herr rea
    lina sandells plan 1
    lions stenungsund
    denim & supply ralph lauren reave slip-on sneakers
    nike byxor herr
    nike air max 90 essential dam vita
    parajumper herr
    avlyssningen
    skinnjacka barn stl 80
    adidas zx 700 white dames
    Related Articles

    Alvinjes Sunday, 30 July 2017 15:18 Comment Link
  • Walter Tetley

    You can see the full details of our 100 Million Whois Database details here:

    Walter Tetley Sunday, 23 July 2017 15:11 Comment Link
  • BookerAbils

    we can buy viagra india
    viagra pills
    can you buy viagra off the counter
    viagra coupon
    efeitos viagra 50mg

    BookerAbils Sunday, 23 July 2017 00:56 Comment Link
  • Thomasdup

    xrfacnz

    http://www.angelozzisrl.it/air-force-flyknit-333.htm
    http://www.romars.it/air-max-2013-in-offerta-720.html
    http://www.bancadatigiovani.it/099-adidas-superstar-bianche-e-nere-ebay.php
    http://www.dsette.it/sandali-mbt-sadiki-753.php
    http://www.ceaassicurazioni.it/nike-sb-blazer-low-gt-888.htm

    Occhiali Oakley Lenti Blu
    Salomon Nogari Gtx
    Asics Scarpe Da Corsa Da Uomo Gel-nimbus 17
    Adidas Zx 750 Italia Come Si Allacciano
    Nike Sb Koston 2 Janoski Free Max

    Thomasdup Saturday, 22 July 2017 00:54 Comment Link
  • Jesse Grillo

    I enjoyed reading this. i love manhattan beach marketing and hermosa beach seo. business owner hermosa video marketing structures plus google structures plus lead acquisition advertising campaigns.

    Jesse Grillo Friday, 21 July 2017 20:06 Comment Link
  • Thomasdup

Leave a comment

Make sure you enter the (*) required information where indicated.Basic HTML code is allowed.

Latest News

Ethiopia to Host the 4th International Coffee Conference

Ethiopia to Host the 4th International Coffee Conference

Ethiopia is set to host the 4th International Coffee Conference from March 6 – 8, 2016 in Addis Ababa at the United Nations Conference Center. Previous conferences were held  in England in 2001, Brazil in 2005 and Guatemala in 2010. Read more

Most Popular

  • 1
  • 2
Prev Next

The White-Box of Ethiopian Agriculture

The agricultural sector remains our Achilles heel, nonetheless, we remain convinced that agricultural-based development remains the only source of hope ...

Read more

For Whoever Has, to Him Shall be Given …

As the Ethiopian government seeks to transform the economy into one that’s rooted in manufacturing, the simplicity for local investors to access finance...

Read more

Commentary

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
Prev Next

Shooting in the Dark: The Anomalies of Headhunting

The war for ‘heads’ – also known as talent – has been raging for many years and the manner headhunters ‘poach’ people is getting tougher ...

Read more

Understanding Chinese Investment in Ethiopia A Critical Evaluation of the World Bank’s “Chinese FDI in Ethiopia” Survey

The World Bank country office in Ethiopia, apparently in response to the request by the government of Ethiopia, has conducted a survey of...

Read more

Mitigating Growing Income Inequality: What Needs to Be Done

Rising income and wealth inequality in many countries around the world has been a long-term trend for three decades or more. But the atte...

Read more

View Point

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
Prev Next

Delivering Life Insurance: The Untapped Market in Ethiopia

Modern insurance transaction in Ethiopia was started by an Egyptian Bank in 1905. According to Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce there were 19, 33 and 40 insuran...

Read more

Headache When a Key Personnel leaves a Company in the Financial Sector

The financial sector in Ethiopia has undergone considerable changes in recent decades. The dramatic rise of new market players into the sector has vividly al...

Read more

Women and the World Economy

In many countries, public debate about gender equality focuses mainly on women’s access to top positions and high-powered career opportunities. But the “glas...

Read more